Managing glucose levels can be tricky. Use this guide developed by the Canadian Diabetes Association to help you know when you should check glucose and what is should be (downloadable version available in Patient Resources).
Blood Glucose Levels
The fundamentals of the management of diabetes are to achieve optimal glycemic control. Individualized blood glucose targets have to be attained based upon the age, duration of the disease, hypoglycaemic episodes, and presence and absence of other complications.
A1C, or the glycated hemoglobin test, is the most appropriate diagnostic tool recommended by the Canadian and the American Diabetes association since 2010.
A1C measures your blood glucose levels over a three month period.
A1C between 4% – 5.6% – Normal
A1C between 5.7% – 6.4% – increased risk of diabetes
A1C > 6.5% – indicate diabetes
The goal for diabetes control is A1C ≤ 7%
In order to achieve an A1C ≤ 7% patient should aim at
- Fasting blood glucose level between 4.0 – 7.0 mmol/L
- 2hour postprandial between 5.0 – 10.0 mmol/L
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