Type 2 Diabetes

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 Diabetes is a disease that causes high levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood stream. Glucose is typically used for energy but when an individual has Type 2 Diabetes, the levels of glucose in the blood builds up and causes complications. After eating a meal, whether it’s cereal, pasta, fruits, or vegetables; our body will break down the food and convert the small pieces into glucose. In order to use the glucose for energy, we need insulin, a hormone that regulates glucose in the blood. The insulin hormone is derived from the beta cells in the pancreas; but when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin, the levels of glucose builds up.

High levels of glucose in the blood can lead to damage of the kidneys, heart, nerves and small blood vessels of the eyes.  Peripheral vascular disease is also a common response causing the narrowing and hardening of arteries in the legs and feet. The buildup of glucose in blood may also increase urination leading to recurrent dehydration. Over time, Type 2 Diabetes can cause heart attacks, strokes, blindness, dental diseases, amputations and other serious health conditions.

Type 2 Diabetes affects adults, elderly and is now impacting the lives of children. In the past, it was rare to diagnose children with Type 2 Diabetes; but now insulin-resistance is becoming a common phenomenon in children who are at risk for diabetes. Insulin resistance occurs when the body’s cells no longer responds to the action of the insulin hormone and the pancreas continue to secrete insulin to get a response.

By becoming more informed about Type 2 Diabetes, you can effectively prevent and treat the disease before it gets worst. Many patients are unaware of that they have Type 2 Diabetes until they experience blurred vision or heart trouble. At this point, the necessary steps need to be taken to prevent further damage because early intervention can reduce potential serious health implications.  The consequences of Type 2 Diabetes are more serious than Type 1 Diabetes.

Take your health into your own hands, read more about the Risk Factors, Prevention and Treatment  and Alternative Options.

 

Lebovitz, H,E. “Type 2 Diabetes: An Overview” Clinical Chemistry, August 1999 vol. 45 no. 8 1339-1345